If you are doing business and working on a computer on the internet, then you should be aware of Cybersecurity and what it means to you. Cybersecurity is the protection of internet-connected systems like your computer, phone, or other “connected” devices from cyber threats. A Cyberthreat is the possibility of your personal or professional information being accessed by an unauthorized and unwanted source. A Cyberattack can be a malicious attack designed to access, alter, destroy or extort your systems or sensitive information. So Cybersecurity is the steps taken to prevent a Cyberattack.
1. Understand and Practice Basic Internet Security Principles
Establish basic security practices and policies such as requiring strong passwords, and learn to handle and protect personal, customer information and other vital data.
2. Protect information, computers, and networks from cyber attacks
Keep clean machines: having the latest security software, web browser, and operating system are the best defenses against viruses, malware, and other online threats. Set antivirus software to run a scan after each update. Install other key software updates as soon as they are available.
3. Provide firewall security for your Internet connection
A firewall is a set of related programs that prevent outsiders from accessing data on a private network. Make sure the operating system’s firewall is enabled or install free firewall software available online. If you work from home, ensure that your home system(s) are protected by a firewall.
4. Create a mobile device action plan
Mobile devices can create significant security and management challenges, especially if they hold confidential information or access the corporate network. Password-protect your devices, encrypt your data, and install security apps to prevent criminals from stealing information while the phone is on public networks.
5. Make backup copies of important business data and information
Regularly backup the data on all computers. Critical data includes word processing documents, electronic spreadsheets, databases, financial files, human resources files, and accounts receivable/payable files. Backup data automatically if possible, or at least weekly and store the copies in the cloud.
6. Control physical access to your computers
Prevent access or use of business computers by unauthorized individuals. Laptops can be particularly easy targets for theft or can be lost, so lock them up when unattended.
7. Secure your Wi-Fi networks
If you have a Wi-Fi network for your home workplace, make sure it is secure, encrypted, and hidden. To hide your Wi-Fi network, set up your wireless access point or router, so it does not broadcast the network name, known as the Service Set Identifier (SSID). Password protect access to the router.
8. Employ best practices on payment cards
Work with banks or processors to ensure the most trusted and validated tools and anti-fraud services are being used. You may also have additional security obligations pursuant to agreements with your bank or processor. Isolate payment systems from other, less secure programs and don’t use the same computer to process payments and surf the Internet.
9. Limit access to data and information.
Do not allow other individuals to have access to any data or systems related to your systems.
10. Passwords and authentication
Use unique passwords and change passwords every three months. Consider implementing multi-factor authentication that requires additional information beyond a password to gain entry.